Jun Fan Gung Fu / Jeet Kune Do (JKD) - Sijo Bruce Lee's Philosophy
Jun Fan Gung Fu / Jeet Kune Do (JKD) is an eclectic/hybrid system and philosophy of life founded by martial artist Bruce Lee with direct, non-classical, and straightforward movements. The Bernales Institute's founder and chief instructor, Will Bernales, received his training and certification from Guro Dan Inosanto, who worked and trained directly with Bruce Lee. Our instructors teach the original Jun Fan Gung Fu, as well as the evolution of this system, Jeet Kune Do (JKD), and Jun Fan Wing Chun.
Due to the way Bruce Lee's style works, JKD practitioners believe in minimal movement with maximum effect and extreme speed. The system works on the use of different "tools" for different situations. These situations are broken down into ranges (Kicking, Punching, Trapping, and Grappling), with techniques flowing smoothly between them. It is referred to as a "style without style" or "the art of fighting without fighting," as said by Lee himself. Unlike more traditional martial arts, JKD is not fixed or patterned, and is a philosophy with guiding thoughts. It was named for the concept of interception, or attacking your opponent while he is about to attack. However, the name JKD was often said by Lee to be just a name. He himself often referred to it as "the art of expressing the human body" in his writings and in interviews. Through his studies, Lee came to believe that styles had become too rigid and unrealistic. He called martial art competitions of the day "dry land swimming." He believed that combat was spontaneous, and that a martial artist cannot predict it, only react to it, and that a good martial artist should "be like water" and move fluidly without hesitation.
Bruce Lee - born Lee Jun-fan (November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973) - was a Chinese American martial artist, actor, martial arts instructor, philosopher, and filmmaker. The founder of Jeet Kune Do, Lee was the son of Cantonese opera star Lee Hoi-Chuen. He is widely considered by commentators, critics, media, and other martial artists to be one of the most influential martial artists of all time, and a pop culture icon of the 20th century.
Jeet Kune Do originated in 1967. After filming one season of The Green Hornet, Lee found himself out of work and opened The Jun Fan Institute of Gung Fu. A controversial match with Wong Jack Man influenced Lee's philosophy about martial arts. Lee concluded that the fight had lasted too long and that he had failed to live up to his potential using his Wing Chun techniques. He took the view that traditional martial arts techniques were too rigid and formalistic to be practical in scenarios of chaotic street fighting. Lee decided to develop a system with an emphasis on "practicality, flexibility, speed, and efficiency." He started to use different methods of training such as weight training for strength, running for endurance, stretching for flexibility, and many others that he constantly adapted, including fencing and basic boxing techniques.
Lee emphasized what he called "the style of no style." This consisted of getting rid of the formalized approach that Lee claimed was indicative of traditional styles. Lee felt the system he now called Jun Fan Gung Fu was even too restrictive, and his work eventually evolved into a philosophy and martial art he would come to call Jeet Kune Do or the Way of the Intercepting Fist. It is a term he would later regret, because Jeet Kune Do implied specific parameters that styles connote, whereas his idea of this martial art was to exist outside of parameters and limitations.
In 2004, the Bruce Lee Foundation decided to use the name Jun Fan Jeet Kune Do (振藩截拳道) to refer to the martial arts system that Lee founded. "Jun Fan" was Lee's Chinese given name.
Source for parts of Bruce Lee's Bio (link contains citations).